Melasma is a manifestation of the skin characterized by hyperpigmented areas of Brown coloration that are located in areas of the skin exposed to the Sun. Generally the Melasma are more common in people with phototypes III and IV (fur Mediterranean area and mestizos).
The causes of sunspots are prolonged exposure to the Sun’s rays and various factors photo sensitizers, within which we find some medications and hormonal changes inherent to women, as for example those that occurred during the pregnancy.
There are varieties of medicines and skin lightening cosmetics for the treatment of melasma but it is necessary to effectively treat the effects are noticeable and lasting. Components of a complete treatment are a steroid (fluocinolona acetonide) such as antisintético and anti-inflammatory; a a lightening: hydroquinone, which inhibits the synthesis of melanin in the melanocyte and a retinoid, Tretinoin which increases the epidermal turnover shedding the superficial layers of skin epidermal replacement to renew it more nimbly. The three elements, exert a joint action of one over the other resulting in an optimal therapeutic response.
At the very last, it is important to protect the skin with a high factor daily from morning to afternoon and re-apply every three hours.