The first signs of aging appear from the age of 25, signs of skin aging generally begin to be perceived on the surface. As you get older, the processes in the skin become smoother and the structure weakens. The reduction of substances that keep the skin firm and smooth is initiated. This is due to the combination of the effects of the body’s internal aging processes and external factors.
One of the earliest signs of aging is wrinkles, which become deeper in the course of time. A number of measures are available to treat them, both non-invasive and invasive.
The structure of the skin and the substances it contains undergo changes over time. These changes can be displayed on the surface in the form of fine lines and wrinkles.
The first thin lines and visible wrinkles appear around the eyes.
As we age there is a reduction of the substances that keep our skin smooth. These include collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid. In young skin, a regular organization of cutaneous tissue and an abundant supply of collagen and elastin, which help form the building block that structures the skin, allow it to appear uniform and feel firm. In the course of time, the process of internal aging, predetermined by our genes, together with external oxidative stress, for example, through exposure to sunlight, begins to affect the appearance of the skin.
An annual reduction of 1% in collagen levels and an increased disposition of disorganized skin tissue causes loss of skin vigor and the appearance of wrinkles.
Another key factor in the formation of wrinkles is a decrease in the production of hyaluronic acid. This is the binding substance that surrounds the cells, giving the skin its young and smooth appearance. The decrease of this substance of the skin causes the skin structure to lose its perception of fullness and firmness and become more vulnerable to the formation of wrinkles.
These general aging processes also contribute to loss of density and loss of volume.
Unlike volume loss or loss of density, wrinkles are easily recognizable, as they appear as distinct lines or grooves on the face. They tend to be visible first in certain areas:
In the forehead horizontal lines and grooves can be perceived between the eyebrows. They begin as “mimic wrinkles” and are due in part to facial expressions. They become deeper in the course of time.
At the outer corners of the eyes appear fine lines that intensify in the course of time; Are known as “crow’s feet” or “laugh lines”. These wrinkles are often perceived in the first place, because the thin skin of this area is more prone to wrinkling than any other area of the face.
Between the nose and the mouth appear deeper wrinkles joining both zones. These are known as nasolabial folds. The appearance of these wrinkles can be linked to a loss of volume, since they also constitute a sign of cutaneous detachment.
Thin lines appear all over the face in the course of time. They are not influenced by facial expression and are always visible. They appear in the form of a wavy cutaneous texture and gradually become more pronounced wrinkles as we age. A reduction in elasticity and density contributes to their formation. Although they can appear anywhere on the face, they are more noticeable around and just below the eye area.
Skin structure of the aged skin Lines appear on the forehead, furrows between the eyebrows and lines of laughter. As we age they gradually become more pronounced wrinkles.
The fine lines around the mouth and nose can become deep and visible: the so-called nasolabial folds appear.
WHAT OTHER FACTORS MAKE A DIFFERENCE ABOUT WRINKLES?
Although wrinkles are an inevitable part of aging, there are internal and external factors that can accelerate their development.
Exposure to sunlight accelerates skin aging more than any other external factor. If the skin is unprotected against the sun, UV rays can contribute to wrinkles. Prolonged and repeated exposure causes damage to the collagen and resulting in a less elastic and weakened skin structure that wrinkles more easily.
Smoking causes oxidative aggression, which allows free radicals to damage the skin structure and contribute to signs of aging in general including wrinkles. In addition, nicotine and chemicals in cigarettes damage collagen and elastin in the skin. This affects vigor and elasticity and can also cause wrinkles.
A common sign of aging is age-induced skin dryness. As a result of diminished skin function, some older skin will eventually dry out accompanied by itchiness and roughness. Among other factors, this is due to a decrease in the amount of hyaluronic acid produced by the skin. In turn, this skin condition is more prone to wrinkle formation.